Gumstix Overo – USB gadget mass storage

This post introduces the general procedure to make gumstix overo work as an USB gadget mass storage using the Yocto Linux. Thanks Adam Lee (Gumstix) for the gadget configuration consulting and debugging. Thanks Tyler Nichols (OSIRIS Lab) for the hardware debugging. A lot of reference online also make this post possible.

0. Yocto Linux

Yocto Project is an embedded Linux building environment supporting different kinds of embedded devices and Gumstix is using Yocto eventually right now. Before we start, please make sure you have Yocto Project installed in your machine. For details, please check the reference [a]. One key point of choosing tool chain for cross compile is that the architecture of Gumstix Overo is ARMv7.

1. Overo as USB gadget mass storage

Following the procedure [b], can we setup up the building system for Gumstix Overo. To enable the USB gadget mass storage, all we need to do is to add “CONFIG_USB_MASS_STORAGE=m” into the defconfig for Overo under the Yocto building environment, like “/home/daveti/gumstix/yocto/poky/meta-gumstix/recipes-kernel/linux/linux-gumstix-3.5/overo

(Optional) Kernel Hacking and Rebuild

An initial build is needed before whatever changes you want, which may take hours to generate MLO, u-boot.img, uImage, console-image and etc. Once done, hack into the kernel source code directory, like “/home/daveti/gumstix/yocto/build/tmp/work/overo-poky-linux-gnueabi/linux-gumstix/3.5.7-r0/git“, and do the changes. After that, force the rebuild under the build directory [d]:

bitbake -f -c compile virtual/kernel
bitbake -f -c deploy virtual/kernel

2. Running

Before we actually could get the Overo running like an USB gadget mass storage, some prerequisite has to be done at first.

2.1 Burn the SD card

Reference [f, g] shows the details on how to make a bootable SD card. But reference [b] provides us a smarter way, using the script provided by the gumstix-repo, like “/home/daveti/gumstix/yocto/poky/meta-gumstix-extras/scripts“.

./mk2partsd <block device>

2.2 Load the images

Follow the procedure [b] to copy all the necessary images from deploy to the SD card.

cd build/tmp/deploy/images/{overo|duovero|pepper}
cp MLO u-boot.img uImage /media/boot
tar xaf gumstix-console-image-overo.tar.bz2 -C /media/rootfs --strip-components=1
sync

2.3 Prepare the USB gadget file system

In this section, we will create a FAT file system, which will be used by the USB gadget mass storage. Note that this is done after your login the Overo system.

dd if=/dev/zero of=/home/root/daveti.img bs=1M count=64
losetup /dev/loop0 /home/root/daveti.img
mkfs.vfat /dev/loop0
mount -t vfat /dev/loop0 /mnt (optional)

2.4 Load the kernel module

In your Overo system,

depmod
modprobe g_mass_storage file=/home/root/daveti.img
lsmod/modinfo/rmmod/dmesg...

3. Pitfalls

Note that for my Overo+Palo35, I have to connect the USB ports both to the gumstix and the PC before I can load the g_mass_storage kernel module. Otherwise, the gumstix could not get recognized by the PC [e]. Adam also mentioned a counter example, which has to load the kernel module before USB port is connected. Adam also mentioned that some front USB ports do not work and it would be wise to use the USB ports from the motherboard directly. Well, in summary for this, please try every possible solutions here to make your device work. The Gumstix USB gadget is picky and funky indeed.

Also note that all the kernel hacks/changes are NOT included in the console-image, which provides only the kernel modules of the initial build triggered by the defconfig. Eventually, there are 2 images for a incremental Linux kernel build. One is uImage, which is already included in the previous procedure. The other one is “modules-overo.tgz”, under like “/home/daveti/gumstix/yocto/build/tmp/deploy/images/overo”. This modules-overo.tgz essentially contains the latest build of all the kernel modules enabled. If the kernel hacking is for certain kernel modules, make sure to overwrite the rootfs (unzipped from “gumstix-console-image-overo.tar.bz2”) using this “modules-overo.tgz”

rm -rf $ROOTFS/lib/modules/3.5.7-yocto-standard/kernel
rm -rf $ROOTFS/lib/modules/3.5.7-yocto-standard/modules.builtin
rm -rf $ROOTFS/lib/modules/3.5.7-yocto-standard/modules.order
cp -rf $MODULES/lib/modules/3.5.7-yocto-standard/* $ROOTFS/lib/modules/3.5.7-yocto-standard/

4. Reference

a. http://www.yoctoproject.org/docs/latest/yocto-project-qs/yocto-project-qs.html
b. https://github.com/gumstix/Gumstix-YoctoProject-Repo
c. http://41j.com/blog/2011/11/gumstix-as-usb-storage-device/
d. https://github.com/gumstix/Gumstix-YoctoProject-Repo/wiki
e. http://gumstix.8.x6.nabble.com/defconfig-for-overo-as-usb-gadget-mass-storage-td4968995.html
f. http://41j.com/blog/2011/11/setting-up-a-gumstix-sd-card/
g. http://gumstix.org/create-a-bootable-microsd-card.html

About daveti

Interested in kernel hacking, compilers, machine learning and guitars.
This entry was posted in Embedded System, Linux Distro, OS and tagged , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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